Gov. Doug Ducey of Arizona recently announced that “As the number of opioid overdoses and deaths increase at an alarming rate, we must take action. It’s time to call this, what it is- an Emergency”.
Normally when a person suffers from any form of pain, opiate drugs have become the common choice for instant relief. These drugs act on the body by blocking the pain signals from reaching the brain. Some of the opiate drugs include hydrocodone, oxycodone, morphine, codeine, and many of the similar drugs. However, National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), states that these medications sometimes get misused especially when the person taking these drugs become dependent on them, thus leading to the addiction.
NIDA has reported that these prescription drugs can cause various symptoms like drowsiness, confusion, nausea, and depressed respiration. Sometimes they can also cause euphoric effects.
Hence, those who get the addiction to such drugs experience the withdrawal symptoms once they stop taking them. The opiate addiction and it untimely withdrawal can affect the brain functioning tremendously which can also have a major physiological and neurological impact on the patient such as coma and brain damage.
How can the addiction be recovered?
In order to help the ones with addiction, medication-assisted treatment is often advocated. It includes the use of buprenorphine (Suboxone) along with the education, counseling, and other support measures that help to recover the behavioral aspects of the opioid addiction.
What is Suboxone?
Suboxone is a transition replacement drug which is a combination of naloxone and buprenorphine. While buprenorphine is classified as a partial opioid agonist, the other naloxone is considered as an opioid antagonist or an opioid blocker. It has the potential to reduce the withdrawal symptoms of the opioid addiction such as agitation, irritability, insomnia, nightmares, cramps, and anxiety.
According to the National Alliance of Advocates for Buprenorphine Treatment (NAABT), buprenorphine can stay in the system and continue to work for up to three days.
Suboxone Treatment Phases
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) reports that the treatment with Suboxone takes place in three phases:
- The induction phase starts usually 12-24 hours after the last opioid use. It is advised to begin the treatment of addiction in its earlier stages otherwise the later stages could cause the symptoms to worsen.
- The stabilization phase starts when the person has very few symptoms with no cravings. In this stage, the dosage and frequency of Suboxone can be varied according to the individual needs.
- The maintenance phase basically involves a constant dose of Suboxone over a period of time, thus gradually reducing the dosage until it is no longer needed by the patient.
Suboxone for Drug Addiction. Is it effective?
It has been found to be greatly effective such that it reduces cravings associated with the long-term opiate use while discouraging the current use. It also has the advantage for better results when used for longer periods.
A study has reported that buprenorphine is a nearly ideal medication at our current stage of medication development. Unlike methadone, buprenorphine has least potential for inducing severe consequences as the dosage can be rapidly adjusted according to the condition.(1)
Another study showed that the therapy can be easily implemented and its maintenance was associated with good treatment retention which significantly reduced opioid use, thus helping to reach patients effectively. (2)
Hence, buprenorphine is considered an effective treatment option for drug addiction when it is used as directed. However, even if abused, this therapy option has the least risk of overdose than methadone or other full agonists.
How is it prescribed?
It is given as a part of a structured drug detoxification program and is offered in various formulations to ensure that it can gradually be taken off from the use.
- 12 mg buprenorphine with 3 mg naloxone
- 8 mg buprenorphine with 2 mg naloxone
- 4 mg buprenorphine with 1 mg naloxone
- 2 mg buprenorphine with 0.5 mg naloxone
The U.S. National Library of Medicine has listed some of the common side effects of Suboxone such as:
- Stomach pain or vomiting
- Difficulty sleeping
- Mouth or tongue pain or numbness
- Blurred vision
However, sometimes adverse effects may also occur while using this medication treatment method like itchiness, trouble breathing, hives, swelling of the face or extremities, or extreme tiredness.
The use of suboxone for the treatment of opiate addiction has gained momentum since its inception because it offers more benefits than its counterparts. Hence, it has become a popular choice for treatment facilities and healthcare professionals. The other reason for its great demand is that this medication is still heavily regulated and somewhat difficult to acquire. However, the effectiveness of the medication in fighting the withdrawal symptoms has led to its surge in popularity within the treatment facilities.
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